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Continous Tense

I. form

It’s a very easy tense of construction.
Use verb Estar + gerundio (present participle), which conjugate the verb to be in the desired tens:

Ejs.: Estoy leyendo un libro interesantísimo

El gato estaba durmiendo en la cocina

Ayer estuve viendo la tele toda la tarde

II. Use

This time is used to describe any ongoing action, either in present, past or future tenses:


Mi padre está durmiendo la siesta

Estaré esperando tu llamada

Estuve escribiendo mis memorias

Naturally, certain verbs, as is often the feeling, do not allow this construction, for obvious reasons of meaning.


Sé muchas cosas

*Estoy sabiendo muchas cosas.
This time is normally not used in its negative form, except for example in cases of protest against an accusation.


¡No me estás escuchando!

¡Yo no estoy hablando!
The interrogation is done without any particularity:


¿Qué estás haciendo?

¿Qué estás leyendo?
The continuous forms are found not only in present tense but in every tense.


He estado esperándote media hora

Cuando vengas, estaré leyendo

Si no hubieras estado hablando

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